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Pulmonary Medicine

Bronchoscopy

This process is done to diagnose problems in your lungs, airways, or lymph nodes in your chest. It can also be used to find an object or growth in your airways. The doctors examine the throat, larynx or lower airways. At Reliance Hospital, we also have video bronchoscopy for high definition imaging. Using this we can carry out diagnostic and therapeutic procedures like aspiration, needle bronchoplasty, transbronchial lung biopsies, stenting, and removal of tumours and foreign bodies. We have a high-tech pulmonary laboratory to conduct tests and studies.

Branches of Bronchoscopy

The two branches of bronchoscopy are conventional and interventional bronchoscopy. Conventional bronchoscopy includes brushing, bronchoalveolar lavage, endobronchial biopsy and C-arm guided transbronchial lung biopsy. Interventional bronchoscopy includes procedures such as removing foreign bodies, closing bronchopleural fistulas with glue and a device, endobronchial laser therapy for resection of endobronchial lesions, placement of endobronchial stents and widening of tracheobronchial narrowing.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

This progressive chronic disease makes breathing difficult and is caused by smoking or being in a polluted environment. The symptoms of COPD include coughing with or without phlegm, wheezing, difficulty in breathing and a need for air. COPD is diagnosed using breathing tests, oxygen level measurements and chest X-rays. It can be managed by inculcating healthy living habits like quitting smoking, staying fit and taking medications advised by the doctor. Our specialised doctors use state-of-the-art equipment and treatment methods such as counselling to stop smoking and disease management assistance.

High-flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen Therapy (HFNCO)

HFNCO therapy is for those in excess need of oxygen, i.e. people with complete respiratory failure. While the traditional oxygen mask and non-invasive ventilator are uncomfortable for patients, HFNCO enables the patient to talk or even consume food easily.

Non-invasive Ventilation

We have a specialised setup for non-invasive ventilation where home oxygen therapy is provided to patients suffering from COPD, motor neuron disease, morbid obesity and interstitial lung disease.

Polysomnography

This is a sleep study conducted to examine sleep apnoea, a disorder where a person stops and starts breathing while asleep. The symptoms include snoring, feeling tired or sleepy all the time, mid-sleep awakening episodes and morning headaches. If left untreated, sleep apnoea may trigger chronic ailments such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, depression, etc. Sleep apnoea can be divided into three types: obstructive, central and mixed.

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