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Kidneys are crucial as they carry out the functions of filtering blood and excreting waste material in the form of urine. Any abnormalities in the kidneys can lead to both benign and chronic disorders. Kidney disorders can be classified into kidney infections, issues with urination, and kidney failures. Symptoms of kidney diseases are usually not apparent in its early stages. When symptoms do show they vary from puffiness around the eyes and swelling of the hands and feet to frequent and painful urination, blood or protein in the urine, and high blood pressure. Blood tests will also show above normal ranges for creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. Of all kidney disorders, kidney stone is one of the most common problems.

Chronic kidney disorders can be defined as an abnormality in kidney functions or screening protein in urine. This can lead to kidney failure as the symptoms become noticeable only in the later stages. However, if diagnosed early kidney failures can be avoided.

Nephrology Conditions

  • Electrolyte disorders
  • Hematuria
  • Hypertension
  • Proteinuria
  • Renal failure
  • Kidney cancer diagnosis
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Management of dialysis
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Polycystic kidney disease and other inherited renal diseases
  • Kidney stone disease
  • Reflux and obstructive nephropathies
  • Hypertension
  • Intensive care nephrology


  • Portable dialysis machines for ICU patients